Peach is scientifically named Prunus persica
and is from the Rosaceac family. The peach was originated in the warm areas of
China, then was entered from China via commercial routes to Iran, and from Iran
to the Mediterranean and then to Greece. After apple, peach tree is the most
adapted fruit to various climates. The major crop areas of peach in the world
are circuits 25 to 45 degrees north and south of the Earth. In high latitudes,
minimum winter temperatures and spring frosts are two limiting factors and in
low latitudes, lack of cold requirement is the most important limiting factor
that has an adverse effect on sleeping time, flowering and fruit production
Major Producer Provinces:
Alborz (15%), Golestan (8.5%), Mazandaran
(8%), Fars (7%), West Azarbaijan (7%), Tehran (6.5%), Central (6%), Hamadan
(6%) and Ardabil (6%) are major peach producers in the country.
Target countries of export markets:
Iraq, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates,
Qatar, Afghanistan, India, Turkey, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Russia
Peach fruit production in the country is 853
thousand tons per hectare.
Area under Cultivation:
to the census of the Ministry of Jihad-Agriculture of the year 2017, the
cultivation area of peach orchards in the country was 65.3 thousand hectares,
87.7% of which was cultivated by fertile trees and 12.3% by non-fertile trees. Out
of 65.3 thousand hectares of peach orchards, 99.3% of it is irrigated and the
rest is rainfed.
Global Production Rank:
Iran ranked 5th in terms of production of peach after China, Spain, Italy and
the United States
According to customs statistics in 2018, exports of peaches and nuts were 15565
tons, which was worth about $ 9300 thousand.